Knowing if you have type A flu or common flu, as the WHO and the Spanish Ministry of Health also stated, is not an easy job and only doctors are able to diagnose that. However, there are some differences that can help you to identify it.
Type A influenza / "Gripe A", the two words that made everybody fearful of reading the press in the recent days generated, in the week of 13 to 19 January, a high rate of infection across Spain. The number of severe cases hospitalized doubled, from 160.7 to 285.5 per 100,000 inhabitants, and from 239 to 540 in terms of overall hospitalizations, as shown by the data recorded by the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network of the Institute of Health Carlos II. The epidemic wave that began in 2014, continues its "upward trend" in all regions of Spain, 29 deaths associated with this virus having been recorded.
It is true that according to the Department of Health of the Government of Aragon, the community that was hit hardest, in the week of 20 to 26 January the overall incidence rate of influenza in this region has registered a "downward trend", being still at levels of 393.5 cases per 100,000 habitants. The numbers speak by themselves and keeping in mind the lessons learned in 2009, another year highly hit by the A/H1N1 pandemic, we should try to highlight some basic facts about how it manifests.
The symptoms of A flu are similar to those of regular human influenza, but are presented with different intensity. The main differences are:
A sudden onset of fever, which exceeds 39 degrees, frequent chills, severe headache, experiencing extreme tiredness, mild sore throat, severe muscle pain, dry cough and continuous , intense burning eyes and a duration of symptoms lasting between 2 and 4 days in the case of influenza A.
Fever below 39 degrees, occasional chills, headache, low intensity, moderate fatigue, prominent sore throat, mild cough, soft muscle aches, burning eyes and symptom duration between 5 and 7 days, in the case of the common cold.
With the mission to clarify the distinction between the two forms of the disease, iValueHealth.NET started an awareness campaign for the full understanding of the differences as well as the main preventative measures one should take. According to the Ministry of Health you should follow, among others, the following rules: cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing preferably with a tissue, wash your hands frequently, avoid close contact with sick people, avoid touching your mouth, nose and eyes, and aerate the inhabited places.